THE MODEL: Palle Nielsen
Play, participation and relational aesthetics are central concepts in ARKEN’s research-based online publication on Palle Nielsen’s reinterpretation of The Model at ARKEN in 2014. This pioneering artwork – a gigantic playground for children – was installed for the first time at Moderna Museet in Stockholm in 1968. In connection with its reappearance at ARKEN, The Model 1968/2014 became part of ARKEN’s collection and is documented in this publication.
What can you read about?
Three new texts approach The Model from the perspective of the curator, the art historian and the play researcher. What kind of participation occurs in The Model today? How has the idea of utopia changed since 1968? And what are the sensuous forces of play unleashed by The Model that generate its creative and formative potential as a playground? The publication also includes an interview with Palle Nielsen, as well as several of his own previously unpublished and reprinted texts. Finally, the publication includes the first comprehensive biography of the artist.
What can you experience?
The online publication documents The Model as an exhibition with a wealth of pictures taken by professional and amateur photographers, as well as from the social media.
The exhibition and online publication have been generously supported by Nordea-fonden.
Download the publication here
(Best viewed in Adobe Acrobat)
“The keyword for me is community. Community is an alternative to the commercial market, and The Model provides a framework for community. When children dress up and paint their faces, they have the chance to try out different roles and enter relationships with each other. I want to create an extended social aesthetic, where children, teenagers and adults create a cultural base for themselves by being together physically.”
Participation: dogma and field of potentials
MitTDC, Spotify, Viasat, Netflix, HBO. These are just some of the services the modern media consumer makes use of. We watch TV ‘on demand’ when we don’t happen to be busy on the social media – ‘sharing’, ‘liking’, ‘blogging’, ‘tweeting’ or ’instagramming’. And when we go to the theatre or the museum we are positioned more and as ‘users’. The viewer, the listener, the exhibition visitor, the reader has become a ‘particïpant’ – an active co-creator of content – and the participatory principle is a structuring element for both culture consumption and culture production.
This is the background for ARKEN’s ongoing research project on participatory culture, which is supported by the Research Committee of the Ministry of Culture (2014-2016). With the project we want to bring out the potentials and challenges of participation as a principle and to explore issues such as:
What are the various forms of participation that take place in the museum and in contemporary artistic practices?
What new collectivities and ways of relating arise in the area?
What does the current focus on participation mean for our self-understanding as subjects and the formation of our identities?
What potentials are created for society’s production, gathering and communication of knowledge when the cultural institutions go from being ‘about something’ to being ‘for’ or ‘with’ someone?
What happens to the relationship between those who consume experience and knowledge and those who produce and present them when we are increasingly invited to produce the experiences and knowledge we consume for ourselves?
What does ‘participation’ have to do with citizenship and democracy?
What new pedagogical and communicative methods must be developed to promote participation as much as possible?
The participating subject
It is the thesis of the project that ‘participation’ is today such a crucial cultural and sociological phenomenon that it represents on the one hand a new understanding of subjectivity that will result in a new human type, ‘the participatory subject’, and on the other a radically changed understanding of how ‘knowledge’ is produced, communicated, archived and consumed.
The project will result in a special issue of ARKEN Bulletin in 2016 with the theme ‘participation’. In addition ARKEN has held the seminar Participation: Seminar on art, subjectivity and knowledge in a culture of participation, on 19 June 2015.
University of Oxford
ARKEN is working with one of the world’s finest universities, University of Oxford, on an internship programme for their art students (the Professional Practice Programme). The programme enables students to apply for work placements at ARKEN, to work with areas such as exhibition planning and design, communication projects or teaching.
ARKEN was invited to work with University of Oxford as a professional museum organisation to strengthen students’ own artistic practice and further develop their understanding of ”best practice” at a modern art musuem. Meanwhile, the programme also gives ARKEN the opportunity to get an insight into the aesthetic, methodical and artistic problems that students are working on, and to exchange experiences and specific knowledge that can help raise the further development of our exhibitions, communication and research.
Tools for Change
ARKEN Museum of Modern Art and the cultural history museum Den Gamle By (‘The Old Town’) have with the support of the Danish Agency for Culture been studying what art and cultural history museums can learn from each other’s different work methods concerning communication in terms of audience development, organisation development and change management.
We have ‘moved into’ each other’s institutions, we have followed each other’s projects and we have asked constructive and critical questions about each other’s norms, strategies and visions. The project has led to insightful conversations and understandings of the particular strengths of each institution, what we have in common, and how we draw on each other’s strengths to develop the museum institution as part of a community so it can benefit more citizens.
With this project we set out to investigate three questions:
What does a meaningful visit to the museum consist of for new target groups?
How can cultural institutions work in order to embrace new target groups?
What can museums of art and cultural history learn from each other’s different approaches to the inclusion of users?
The Citizenship Project
In the last four years and in conjunction with nine other musuems and cultural insitutions, ARKEN has been studying how we can work with and contribute towards cultural citizenship in exhibitions, communication and organisational development.
Are art museums for everyone?
The title of this research work is ”Museums and cultural institutions as spaces for citizens”, which from 2009-2013 was used by international researchers as a basis for studying teaching and exhibition cases. The project involved a number of learning days, where project participants from ten institutions took part in skills development and theoretical and practical learning processes with museums’ and cultural institutions’ democratic potential as a focal point. The project was supported by the Danish Agency for Culture.
Book: Rum for medborgerskab (Space for citizenship)
In 2014 the Citizenship project was documented in the ”Room for Citizenship” anthology, with articles from international researchers and project participants. The book can be purchased in the ARKEN SHOP or can be read online (articles in Danish, Norwegian and English).
DREAM (Danish Research Centre on Education and Advanced Media Materials), ARKEN and a number of other institutions and companies have been awarded DKK 23.5 million for a 6-year research project on the significance of digital skills on creativity and innovation.
Creativity and innovation
If Denmark is to become a leader within creativity and innovation, we have to look beyond our working lives. This is the thought-process behind a major new research and development project, to which the Danish Council for Strategic Research has awarded DKK 23.5 million. New thought processes and ways of doing things do not start in companies and organisations, but in people, and often begin outside the working life.
An important area is young people’s use of so-called web 2.0 services, such as online social networks and mobile games. Here they create and share user content, and practice combining words, pictures, numbers and text to create fun and alternative expressions.
We still know far too little about the prerequisites for creativity and innovation. The project will systematise the new forms of digital creativity that young people are developing in relation to musuems and science centres. These environments often provide other ways of learning, and this is what the project will investigate, as well as developing new digital services and ways of learning with the parties involved.
The project is headed by DREAM, a collaboration between the University of Southern Denmark and Roskilde University Centre. On a national scale, the researchers will work with Eksperimentarium, the National Gallery of Denmark, ARKEN and the Danish Media Museum. A number of companies are also involved, including Zentropa Interaction, Apple, Enalyzer and Unwire.
Creativity and innovation attract major attention in every knowledge society. The project is involving a number of international partners with experience in this area, such as MIT, London School of Economics, Creative Industries Faculty Faculty at Queensland University and London Knowledge Lab.
From creative production to educational innovation, the project helps systematise our knowledge about how young people’s creative production and interaction can develop advanced digital skills – and what might hinder such development. An important goal is to develop new, digital services, user methods and organisation formats that, when combined, are solid enough for others to benefit from the project’s experiences. The prerequisites for creativity are probably created outside normal insitutional contexts; but for creativity to become educational innovation, the results must be of use to schools, companies and organisations.
The Art Museum of the Future
What does the future art museum look like? How will the museum institution remain an active player in the cultural landscape of the future? Are Danish museums abreast of cultural development? Which specific experiences can the museums provide amidts information society’s extensive range of information and entertainment offerings?
ARKEN has been researching these questions in conjunction with Danish museums and a number of external parties, such as the Getty Research Institute, Getty Leadership Institute and LACMA in Los Angeles, the Courtauld Institute and the Tate in London, as well as Copenhagen University, Århus University etc. The study is supported by the Danish Agency for Culture. The study was documented in a report (in Danish) and a seminar at ARKEN in September 2010.
Is the institution under pressure?
Museums and their surroundings have changed significantly in the last 20 years. The movement from mono to multiculture, new teaching methods, changes in media habits and consumer patterns together with democratisation trends that put pressure on traditional hierarchies and authorities, are just some of the factors that place new demands on museums. Ever-changing conditions require museums to update their self-understanding.
The study’s process
The study focuses on the art museum, but has a cross-functional aim and therefore also deals with the potential in innovative collaboration across museum categories. Museum management, research and communication are particular focal points. Another important point is the need to re-think the museum experience itself, based on an increased focus on user-driven innovation.
The study uses the museum institution’s unique position between theory and practice to provide a result that combines a theoretically-founded cultural analysis with the museum’s practical experiences. In order to achieve such a synergy, the study is including both university researchers and museum people, both nationally and internationally.
”In many ways contemporary art depicts current trends that we have to relate to – also as museums. An experience economy in rapid development, a globalised society, a changing world view.”
Director Christian Gether
If you really want to know more.
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